下午改一下稿：無法用順稿的方式審稿的VISIBLE FIGURES 具體數據去具體。
A Malaysia Airlines passenger jet has reportedly crashed in eastern Ukraine in an area where separatist rebels have been engaging Ukrainian army forces in recent weeks.
這種整體思辨的思考方式，將成為讀者與作者對話時難以跨越的門檻。譯者有幸與某些戴明博士肯定的「導師」們砌磋，對於作者的「淵博知識體系」 （Deming’s Profound Knowledge System，也可譯為「成淵之學」或「深遠知識」）之智慧，稍有認識，所以願藉本文來協助讀者作一次簡單的導遊，希望讀者能入寶山（本書為現代許多新管理學理念的百科全書）而有所得。本書可能成為傳世之作，誠如名管理哲學家韓第（Charles Handy）在其《非理性的時代》（The Age of Unreason）所說的，本書是所有主管都該讀的重要作品。韓第更學戴明式的思考法說：人類在思想上追求「真理」；而組織、企業的「真理」是什麼呢？「品質」是也！
Ricardo Semler, author and business manager, is celebrated as a role model of a Chief Executive who breaks all the traditional rules and succeeds, massively.
Semler eliminated what he called 'corporate oppression" from his company, Semco: time clocks, dress codes, security procedures, privileged office spaces and perks, they all went. There were to be no receptionists or secretaries.
He set up 'factory committees' to run the plants, in an attempt to get more worker involvement and Semler guaranteed that no-one could befired while serving on the committees or for at least a year afterwards.
Ricardo then introduced profit-sharing schemes for all the workers. The thought that they could directly influence their own pay encouraged the committees to look for savings and to question any procedures or layers of management that didn't seem to add value.
Managers were hired and fired by their own employees. More than that, the units were now inventing new businesses for themselves. And so Semco grew, entirely due to the initiatives of its workers.
The workers have unrestricted access to all corporate records and are taught how to read financial reports; they set their own wages and their own production quotas.
When the number of people in a Semco unit hits the 100 to 200 mark it is split in two, like it or not.
Semler lists six principles that guide his always experimental company:
1. don't increase business size unnecessarily
2. never stop being a start-up
3. don't be a nanny to your workers
4. let talent find its place
5. make decisions quickly and openly
6. partner promiscuously, you can't do it all yourself.
In our next talk we meet someone very different. He has been called the world's most successful business academic. He is Michael Porter.
|Some useful business words:|
role modela person whose behaviour is copied or is likely to be copied by others
breaks all the rulessomebody or something which goes against an accepted principle which says how things are to be done
time clocksmachines which record when a worker arrives for work and punches his card
rules which tell workers what to wear on the workplace
a set of actions necessary to protect an organization or its employees against violence, lawbreaking etc.
extra items given by a company to workers in addition to their salaries (such as company cars, private health insurance etc.)
action or direct connection on the part of the workers with something
dimissed from a job
arrangements where workers get a share of the profits of the company they work for
employed, given a job
to be able to obtain, reach, see something without limits
fixed amount of products which should be produced
a new company just beginning to do business
a woman employed to take care of children in a family
to share business with lots of different people or organizations
鄭明萱女士 (小讀者、丁丁) (2)與我們
台灣：國事如麻；放眼： 亞洲與美國: 所謂中國的抗戰憤怒：歷史只是政治工具？藉抗戰紀念活動來掩蓋自己的歷史，包括毛澤東時代的罪行和天安門廣場的大屠殺。